Performance Analysis and Cell Association Design for Drone-Assisted Heterogeneous Networks
Sun Hongguang, Wang Xijun, Zhang Yan, Quek Tony Q.S.
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology（中科院二区）
Equipped with base station hardware, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can act as drone small cells (DSCs) to complement the traditional terrestrial small cells (TSCs) in providing ubiquitous connectivity for a wide range of applications. Although the performance of drone-assisted heterogeneous networks has been investigated, the state-of-the-art adopts simplified channel models that are not applicable to practical network scenarios. To make an accurate analysis on the network performance, and provide guidelines for the practical design of cell association and network deployment strategy, in this work, we consider a drone-assisted heterogeneous network that employs a flexible biased cell association policy and adopts a more general channel model that incorporates line-of-sight (LoS) and non-line-of-sight (NLoS) components for both air-to-ground (ATG) and ground-to-ground (GTG) transmissions. We develop a unifying analytical framework to evaluate the network performance in terms of coverage probability, area spectral efficiency (ASE) and user throughput. Our results show that 1) deploying DSCs to complement traditional TSCs can only deteriorate the network performance within the ultra-dense network region, 2) by optimally setting the bias factor for cell association policy, the network performance can be further enhanced.
Performance Analysis for Drone-Assisted HetNets with Flexible Cell Association
Sun Hongguang, Wang Xijun, Xu Chao, Zhang Yan, Quek Tony Q.S.
IEEE ICC 2020（CCF推荐国际会议C类）
Drone small cells (DSCs) are served as aerial base stations to complement the terrestrial cellular networks, in order to provide seamless wireless coverage and increased network capacity. In this paper, we study a drone-assisted downlink heterogeneous network (HetNet) consisting of a first tier of DSCs overlaid with a second tier of terrestrial small cells (TSCs), both of which operate on the same frequency band. By considering a flexible biased association policy, we develop an analytical framework to evaluate the network performance. After deriving the association probabilities, and the probability distribution functions (PDFs) of typical link length, we derive exact expressions for the per-tier and overall coverage probabilities. The proposed framework allows to quantify the impact on network performance of most important system parameters, such as the height of DSCs, the bias factor, and the base station density. In absence of interference management, our results show that very limited gains can be obtained in the dense network scenario and the improper deployment of DSCs can only degrade the coverage probability achieved by the single-tier TSC network. What's more, the unbiased cell association is shown to be optimal for the overall coverage probability in the interference-limited network regime.